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Press at Unconsciouslab.com

The Social Psychology Program at Unconscious Lab is defined by its faculty, its students (past and present), and the training and research opportunities that are available to its students at the University Study Center.  Among the features of the Unconscious Lab Program are the following.

  • First, the Social Psychology Program is, by design, a relatively small, intensely interactive, and collective training and research nexus.  We have a strict focal point and are determined to maintain this.
  • Second, training components provide opportunities for students to acquire the conceptual and methodological tools needed to examine social psychological phenomena through interdisciplinary, multi-level analyses.  Again, this is the crux of Unconscious Lab.
  • Third, the Social Cognition Program provides a framework for understanding the synergistic relationship between theory and methods in scientific research.

At the Unconscious Lab Center, the training program is five core principles:

  1. scientific competence & integrity;
  2. scholarship as a way of life;
  3. personal and social responsibility;
  4. priority setting;
  5. and the sovereignty of each student.

These principles are brought to action at Unconscious Lab within the program through the structure of coursework, research activities, professional service activities, and mentoring.  The training program provides opportunities, and students choose which opportunities to pursue.  Welcome, and enjoy these resources!

Aarts, H., & Dijksterhuis, A. Goal inference and goal contagion. In. J. Shah & W. Gardner (Eds.), Handbook of Motivation.

2009

Bongers, K.C.A., & Dijksterhuis, A. (2009). Consciousness as a trouble shooting device? The role of consciousness in goal-pursuit. In E. Morsella, J.A. Bargh, & P. Gollwitzer (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Human Action, 589-604. New York: Oxford University Press, Inc.
Dijksterhuis, A., Albers, L.W., & Bongers, K.C.A. Digging for the real attitude: Lessons from research on implicit and explicit self-esteem. In R. Petty, R. Fazio, & P. Brinol, (Eds.,) Attitudes: Insights from the New Wave of Implicit Measures, 229-250. New York: Psychology Press.
in press
Dijksterhuis, A., Preston, J., Wegner, D.M., & Aarts, H. Effects of subliminal priming of self and God on self-attribution of authorship for events. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology.
Ruys, K., Dijksterhuis, A., & Corneille, O. Extending evaluative congruency effects to social category activation. Experimental Psychology.
Smith, P.K., Dijksterhuis, A., & Chaiken, S. Subliminal exposure to faces and racial attitudes: Exposure to Whites makes Whites like Blacks less. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology.
Smith, P.K., Wigboldus, D.H.J., & Dijksterhuis, A. Abstract thinking increases one’s sense of power. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology.
Harakeh, Z., Engels, R., Van Baaren, R., & Scholte, R. (in press). Imitation of cigarette smoking: An experimental study on smoking in a naturalistic setting. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.
Ashton-james, C., Van Baaren, R. B., Chartrand, T.L., & Decety, J. (in press). Mimicry and me: The impact of mimicry on self-construal. Social Cognition.
Van Baaren, R. B., & Ruivenkamp, M. (in press). Self-construal and values expressed in advertising. Social Influence submitted
Bongers, K.C.A., Dijksterhuis, A. & Spears, R. (under review). On the role of consciousness in goal-pursuit.

2009

Bongers, K.C.A., Dijksterhuis, A. & Spears, R. (in press). Self-esteem regulation after success or failure to attain unconsciously activated goals. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 10.1016/j.jesp.2008.12.007
in press
Dijksterhuis, Van Baaren, Bongers, Bos, Van Leeuwen, & Van der Leij. The rational unconscious: Conscious versus unconscious thought in complex consumer choice

2010

Bos, M.W., Dijksterhuis, A., Van Baaren, R.B. (in press). The benefits of “sleeping on things”: Unconscious thought leads to automatic weighting. Journal of Consumer Psychology.
in press
Pennings, S., Müller, B. C. N., Mastop, J., & Stel, M. (in press). Non-verbale reacties van imitatie en complementariteit. (Non-verbal responses of imitation and complementarity.) Jaarboek Sociale Psychologie 2010, ASPO press.

2011

Müller, B. C. N., Brass, M., Kühn, S., Tsai, C.-C., Nieuwboer, W., Dijksterhuis, A., & van Baaren, R. B. (2011). When Pinocchio acts like a human, a wooden hand becomes embodied. Action co-representation for non-biological agents. Neuropsychologia, 49, 1373-1377.
Müller, B. C. N., Kühn, S., van Baaren, R. B., Dotsch, R., Brass, M., & Dijksterhuis, A. (2011). Perspective taking eliminates differences in co-representation of out-group members’ actions. Experimental Brain Research, 211, 423-428.

2010

Bergmann, H. C., Müller, B. C. N., & Danek, A. (2010). Normdaten zur Ergänzung deutscher Wortanfänge. (Normative data for the completion of German word stems). Zeitschrift für Neuropsychologie, 1, 17-23.
Kühn, S., Müller, B. C. N., van der Leij, A., Dijksterhuis, A., Brass, M., & van Baaren, R. B. (2010). Neural correlates of emotional synchrony. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. published online.
Maaskant, A. J., Pennings, S., Müller, B. C. N., & Ritter, S. M. (2010). Laat rokers zichzelf overtuigen! Hoe zelfbetrokkenheid het rookgedrag positief beïnvloedt. (Let smokers convince themselves! How self-involvement positively influences smoking behaviour.) Jaarboek Sociale Psychologie 2009, ASPO Press.

2009

Müller, B. C. N, van Baaren, R. B., Ritter, S. M., Woud, M. L., Bergmann, H., Harakeh, Z., Engels, R. C. M. E., & Dijksterhuis, A. (2009). Tell me why…The influence of self-involvement on short term smoking behaviour. Addictive Behaviors, 34, 427-431.
Stel, M., Van Baaren, R. B., Blascovich, J., McCall, C., Pollmann, M.H., van Leeuwen, M. L., Mastop, J., & Vonk, R. (in press). Mimicry and liking: Is it really that simple? Experimental Psychology.
Dijksterhuis, Bos, Van der Leij, & Van Baaren (2000). Predicting Soccer Matches After Unconscious and Conscious Thought as a Function of Expertise. Psychological Science, 20 (11), 1381-1387.

2008

Bos, M.W., Dijksterhuis, A., & van Baaren, R.B. (2008). On the Goal-dependency of Unconscious Thought. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 1114-1120.

2007

Dijksterhuis, A. (2007). When to sleep on it. Harvard Business Review, 85, 30-32.
Dijksterhuis, A., Chartrand, T.L., & Aarts, H. (2007). Effects of priming and perception on social behavior and goal pursuit. In J.A. Bargh (Ed.), Social psychology and the unconscious: The automaticity of higher mental processes, p. 51-132. Philadelphia: Psychology Press.
Bos, M.W., Dijksterhuis, A. & Van Baaren, R.B. (2007). De Doelafhankelijkheid van Onbewust Nadenken. Jaarboek Sociale Psychologie 2006, 59-71, ASPO pers, Groningen.

2006

Aarts, H., Wegner, D.M., & Dijksterhuis, A. (2006). On the feeling of doing: Dysphoria and the implicit modulation of authorship ascription. Behavior Research and Therapy, 44, 1621-1627.
Dijksterhuis, A. The emergence of implicit self-esteem (2006). Netherlands Journal of Psychology, 1, 13-22.
Dijksterhuis, A., Bos, M.W., Nordgren, L.F., & van Baaren, R.B. (2006). On making the right choice: The deliberation-without-attention effect. Science, 311, 1005-1007.
Dijksterhuis, A., Bos, M.W., Nordgren, L.F., & van Baaren, R.B. (2006). Making choices without deliberation. Science, 312, 1472.
Dijksterhuis, A., Bos, M.W., Nordgren, L.F., & van Baaren, R.B. (2006). Complex choices better made unconsciously? Science, 313, 760-761.
Dijksterhuis, A., & Meurs, T. (2006). Where creativity resides: The generative power of unconscious thought. Consciousness and Cognition, 15, 135-146.
Dijksterhuis, A., & Nordgren, L.F. (2006). A Theory of Unconscious Thought. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 1, 95-109.
Dijksterhuis, A., & van Olden, Z. (2006). On the benefits of thinking unconsciously: Unconscious thought increases post-choice satisfaction. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 42, 627-631.
Franken, I.H.A., Georgieva, I., Muris, P., & Dijksterhuis, A. (2006). The rich get richer and the poor get poorer: On risk aversion in behavioral decision-making. Judgment and Decision Making, 1, 153-158.
Chartrand, T. L , Van Baaren, R. B., & Bargh, J. A. (2006). Linking automatic evaluation to mood and information processing style: Consequences for experienced affect, impression formation, and stereotyping. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 135, 70-77.
Bongers, K.C.A., Dijksterhuis, A. & Spears, R. (2006). Wanneer onbewuste doelen bewust worden. In R.W. Holland, J. Ouwerkerk, C. van Laar, R. Ruiter, & J. Ham (Eds.), Jaarboek Sociale Psychologie 2005. Aspo-pers, Groningen.

2005

Dijksterhuis, A. (2005). Albert Jan (Ap) Dijksterhuis. American Psychologist, 60, 797-801.
Dijksterhuis, A. (2005). Why we are social animals: The high road to imitation as social glue. In S. Hurley & N. Chater (Eds.), Perspectives on imitation: From cognitive neuroscience to social science, Vol 2, 207-220.. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Dijksterhuis, A., Aarts, H., & Smith, P.K. (2005). The power of the subliminal: Subliminal perception and possible applications. In R. Hassin, J. Uleman, & J.A. Bargh (Eds.), The new unconscious, 77-106. New York: Oxford University Press.
Dijksterhuis, A., Smith, P.K., (2005). What do we do unconsciously? And how? Journal of Consumer Psychology, 15, 225-229.
Dijksterhuis, A., Smith, P.K., van Baaren, R.B., & Wigboldus, D.H.J. (2005). The unconscious consumer: Effects of Environment of Consumer Choice. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 15, 193-202.
Dijksterhuis, A., van Knippenberg, A. (2005). The relation between perception and behavior or how to win a game of Trivial Pursuit. In D.L. Hamilton (Eds.), Social Cognition: Classic and Contemporary Readings, 77-106. Philadelphia: Psychology Press. (reprint of: Dijksterhuis, A., van Knippenberg, A. (1998). The relation between perception and behavior or how to win a game of Trivial Pursuit. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 865-877).
Van Baaren, R. B. (2005). The parrot effect: How to increase tip size. Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quaterly, 46, 79-85 .
Bongers, K.C.A., Dijksterhuis, A. & Spears, R. (2005). Meedoen is belangrijker dan winnen: Bescherming van het zelf na falen op onbewuste doelen. In E.H. Gordijn, R. Holland, A. Meijnders & J. Ouwerkerk (Eds), Jaarboek Sociale Psychologie 2004, 37-48, Aspo pers, Groningen.
Bergmann, H., Jansen, C., Müller, B. C. N., Wagenaar, A., & Stel, M. (2005). Helpt imitatie je indruk te verbeteren wanneer je onaardig gevonden wordt? (Does imitation help to improve your impression when you are disliked?) Jaarboek Sociale Psychologie 2004, ASPO Press.

2004

Dijksterhuis, A. (2004). I like myself but I don’t know why: Enhancing implicit self-esteem by subliminal evaluative conditioning. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86, 345-355.
Dijksterhuis, A. (2004). Think different: The merits of unconscious thought in preference development and decision making. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 87, 586-598.
Dijksterhuis, A., Corneille, O., Aarts, H., Vermeulen, N., & Luminet, O. (2004). Yes, There is a preferential detection of negative stimuli. A reply to Labiouse. Psychological Science, 15, 571-572.
Gordijn, E.H., Hindriks, I., Koomen, W., Dijksterhuis, A., & van Knippenberg, A. (2004). Consequences of stereotype suppression and internal suppression motivation: A self-regulation approach. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30, 212-224.
Spears, R., Gordijn, E.H., Dijksterhuis, A., & Stapel, D.A. (2004). Reaction in action: Intergroup contrast in automatic behavior. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30, 605-616.
Van Leeuwen, M. L., & Macrae, C. N. (2004). Is Beautiful Always Good? Implicit Benefits of Facial Attractiveness. Social Cognition , 22, 6, 637-649.
Holland, R. W., Roeder, U., van Baaren, R. B., Brandt, A., & Hannover , B. (2004). Don’t stand so close to me: self-construal and interpersonal closeness. Psychological science.
Van Baaren, R. B., Horgan, T. G., Chartrand, T. L., & Dijkmans, M. (2004). The forest, the trees and the chameleon: context-dependency and mimicry. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86, 453-459.
Van Baaren, R. B., Holland, R. W., Kawakami, K., & van Knippenberg, A. (2004). Mimicry and pro-social behavior. Psychological Science, 15, 71-74.

2003

Aarts, H., & Dijksterhuis, A. (2003). The silence of the library: Environmental control over social behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 18-28.
Aarts, H., Dijksterhuis, A., & Custers, R. (2003). Automatic normative behavior in environments: The moderating role of conformity in activating social norms. Social Cognition, 21, 447-464.
Dijksterhuis, A., & Aarts, H. (2003). On wildebeests and humans: The preferential detection of negative stimuli. Psychological Science, 14, 14-18.
Kawakami, K., Dovidio, J.F., & Dijksterhuis A. (2003). The effect of social category priming on specific attitudes: A clear and present danger. Psychological Science, 14, 315-319.
Wigboldus, D.H.J., Dijksterhuis, A., & van Knippenberg, A. (2003). When stereotypes get in the way: Stereotypes obstruct stereotype-inconsistent trait inferences. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 470-484.
Van Baaren, R. B., Maddux, W. W., Chartrand, T. L., De Bouter, C., & Van Knippenberg, A. (2003). It takes two to mimic: Behavioral consequences of self-construals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 84, 1093-1102
Van Baaren, R. B., Holland, R. W., Steenaert, B., & van Knippenberg, A. (2003). Mimicry for money: Behavioral consequences of imitation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 39, 393-398

2002

Aarts, H., & Dijksterhuis, A. (2002). Comparability is in the eye of the beholder: Contrast and assimilation effects of primed animal exemplars on person judgments. British Journal of Social Psychology, 41, 123-138.
Dijksterhuis, A., & Smith, P.K. (2002). Affective habituation: Subliminal exposure to extreme stimuli decreases their extremity. Emotion, 2, 203-214.

2001

Aarts, H., & Dijksterhuis, A. (2001). The psychology of drinking: On being thirsty and perceptually ready. British Journal of Psychology, 92, 631-642.
Dijksterhuis, A. (2001). Automatic social influence: The perception-behavior link as an explanatory mechanism for behavior matching. In J. Forgas & K.D. Williams (Eds.). Social Influence, 95-108. Philadelphia: Psychology Press.
Dijksterhuis, A., & Bargh, J.A. (2001). The perception-behavior Expressway: Automatic effects of social perception on social behavior. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 33, 1-40.
Dijksterhuis, A., Spears, R., & Lépinasse, V. (2001). Reflecting and deflecting stereotypes: Assimilation and contrast in impression formation and automatic behavior. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 37, 286-299.
Koole, S.L., Dijksterhuis, A., & van Knippenberg, A. (2001). What’s in a name: Implicit self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 80, 614-627.

2000

Aarts, H., & Dijksterhuis, A. (2000). Habits as knowledge structures: Automaticity in Goal-directed behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 53-63.
Aarts, H., & Dijksterhuis, A. (2000). On the automatic activation of goal-directed behavior: The case of travel habit. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 20, 75-82.
Dijksterhuis, A., Aarts, H., Bargh, J.A., & van Knippenberg, A. (2000). On the relation between associative strength and automatic behavior. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 36, 531-544.
Dijksterhuis, A., Bargh, J. A., & Miedema, J. (2000). Of men and mackerels: Attention and automatic behavior. In H. Bless & J. P. Forgas (Eds.), Subjective experience in social cognition and behavior, 36-51. Philadelphia: Psychology Press.
Dijksterhuis, A., & van Knippenberg, A. (2000). Behavioral indecision: Effects of self-focus on automatic behavior. Social Cognition, 18, 55-74.
Glick, P., Fiske, S.T., Mladinic, A., Saiz, J.L., Abrams, D., Masser, B., Adetoun, B., Johnstone, E.O., Akande, A., Alao, A., Brunner, A., Willemsen, T.M., Chipeta, K., Dardenne, B., Dijksterhuis, A., Wigboldus, D., Eckes, T., Six-Materna, I. Exposito, F., Moya, M., Foddy, M., Kim, H., Lameiras, M., Sotelo, M.J., Mucchi-Faina, A., Romani, M., Sakall, N., & Udegbe, B. (2000). Beyond prejudice and simple antipathy: Hostile and benevolent sexism across cultures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79, 763-775.
Van Knippenberg, A. & Dijksterhuis, A. (2000). Social categorization and stereotyping: A functional approach. European Review of Social Psychology, 11, 105-144

1999

Aarts, H., & Dijksterhuis, A. (1999). How often did I do it: Experienced ease of retrieval and self-estimates of performing mundane behaviors. Acta Psychologica, 103, 77-89.
Aarts, H., Dijksterhuis, A., & Midden, C. (1999). To plan or not to plan? Goal achievement or interrupting the performance mundane behaviors. European Journal of Social Psychology, 29, 971-980.
Dijksterhuis, A., Macrae, C.N. & Haddock, G. (1999). When recollective experiences matter: Subjective ease of retrieval and stereotyping. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 25, 760-768.
Dijksterhuis, A., & van Knippenberg, A. (1999). On the parameters of associative strength: Central tendency and variability as determinants of stereotype accessibility. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 25, 527-536.
Koole, S.L., Smeets, K., van Knippenberg, A., & Dijksterhuis, A. (1999). The cessation of rumination through self-affirmation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77, 111-125.
Van Knippenberg, A., Dijksterhuis, A. & Vermeulen, D. (1999). Judgment and memory of a criminal act: The effects of stereotypes and cognitive load. European Journal of Social Psychology, 29, 191-202.

1998

Dijksterhuis, A., van Knippenberg, A. (1998). The relation between perception and behavior or how to win a game of Trivial Pursuit. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 865-877.
Dijksterhuis, A. & van Knippenberg, A. (1998). Inhibition, Aberdeen and other cloudy subjects. In R.S. Wyer (Ed.), Advances in Social Cognition, Vol 11, 83-96.
Dijksterhuis, A., Spears, R., Postmes, T., Stapel, D.A., Koomen, W., van Knippenberg, A. & Scheepers, D. (1998). Seeing one thing and doing another: Contrast effects in automatic behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75, 862-871.

1997

Van Knippenberg, D., van Knippenberg, A. & Dijksterhuis, A. (1997). Illusory correlation and social categorization: Focus of attention as moderator of group-serving illusory correlations. British Journal of Social Psychology, 36, 427-441.

1996

Dijksterhuis, A. & van Knippenberg, A. (1996). Trait implications as a moderator of memory for stereotype-consistent and inconsistent information. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 22, 425-432.
Dijksterhuis, A. & van Knippenberg, A. (1996). The knife that cuts both ways: Facilitated and inhibited access to traits as a result of stereotype activation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 32, 271-288.
Dijksterhuis, A. (1996). Stereotypes and memory: The effects of a posteriori stereotypes on recall of social information. Doctoral dissertation, University of Nijmegen.
Dijksterhuis, A., van Knippenberg, A., Kruglanski, A.W. & Schaper, C. (1996). Motivated social cognition: Need for closure effects on memory and judgments. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 32, 254-270.
Van Knippenberg, A. & Dijksterhuis, A. (1996). A posteriori stereotype-activation: The preservation of stereotypes through memory distortion. Social Cognition, 14, 21-54.
1995
Dijksterhuis, A. & van Knippenberg, A. (1995). Memory for stereotype-consistent and stereotype-inconsistent information as a function of processing pace. European Journal of Social Psychology, 25, 689-694.
Dijksterhuis, A. & van Knippenberg, A. (1995). Timing of schema activation and memory: Inhibited access to inconsistent information. European Journal of Social Psychology, 25, 383-390.
in press
Bongers, K.C.A., & Dijksterhuis, A. (in press). Unconscious goals and motivation. To appear in W. Banks (Ed.), Encyclopedia of consciousness.
2007
Bongers, K.C.A. (2007). You can’t always get what your want!: Consequences of success and failure to attain unconscious goals. Doctoral dissertation, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
2005
Stel, M., Van Baaren, R., Blascovich, J., McCall, C., Pollmann, M., Van Leeuwen, T., & Vonk, R. (2006). Mimicry and liking: A functional approach. [Imitatie en liking: een functionele benadering]. In R.W. Holland, J. Ouwerkerk, C. van Laar, R. de Ruiter & J. Ham (Ed.), Jaarboek Sociale Psychologie 2005. Groningen: ASPO Pers.
2010
Kühn, S., Müller, B. C. N., van Baaren, R. B., Wietzker, A., Dijksterhuis, A., & Brass, M. (2010). Why do I like you when you behave like me? Neural mechanisms mediating positive consequences of observing someone being imitated. Social Neuroscience, 5, 384-392.